Skip to main content

Table 1 The association between HIV and sociodemographic, sexual behavior and risk perception among 2654 pregnant women in Moshi Tanzania.

From: HIV among pregnant women in Moshi Tanzania: the role of sexual behavior, male partner characteristics and sexually transmitted infections

Predictor N (%) % HIV positive Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Age (completed years)
   14 – 19 471 (17.7) 2.8 1   
   20 – 24 996 (37.5) 5.9 2.22 1.20 – 4.09 0.01
   25 – 29 664 (25.0) 10.1 3.95 2.16 – 7.25 <0.001
   30 – 34 382 (14.4) 9.2 3.55 1.85 – 6.82 <0.001
   35 – 39 117 (4.4) 8.5 3.29 1.41 – 7.71 0.006
   40 + 24 (0.9) 0.0 - -  
Years of residence in Moshi
   3 + 2095 (78.9) 6.4 1   
   1 – 2 years 391 (14.7) 7.7 1.22 0.81 – 1.84 0.35
   <1 year 168 (6.3) 11.9 1.98 1.20 – 3.26 0.007
Alcohol consumption
   No 1833 (69.1) 5.8 1   
   Occasionally/weekly 770 (29.0) 9.2 1.66 1.21 – 2.26 0.002
   Daily 51 (1.9) 13.7 2.59 1.14 – 5.89 0.02
Marital status
   Married 1624 (61.2) 6.0 1   
   Cohabiting 790 (29.8) 8.1 1.39 1.00 – 1.93 0.05
   Single/separated/divorced 240 (9.1) 9.6 1.67 1.04 – 2.69 0.04
Polygamy relationship †
   No 2245 (84.6) 6.0 1   
   Yes 296 (11.2) 15.2 2.80 1.95 – 4.02 <0.001
Number of pregnancies
   1st pregnancy 968 (36.4) 3.5 1   
   2nd pregnancy 700 (26.4) 9.0 2.72 1.77 – 4.17 <0.001
   3rd or more 986 (37.1) 8.8 2.66 1.17 – 3.99 <0.001
Age at first sex (years)
   19 + 1068 (40.2) 5.7 1   
   16 – 18 years 1208 (45.5) 7.0 1.25 0.89 – 1.76 0.19
   9 – 15 years 378 (14.2) 10.1 1.85 1.21 – 2.82 0.005
Number of lifetime sexual partners
   1 1490 (56.1) 2.3 1   
   2 834 (31.4) 9.8 4.53 3.02 – 6.79 <0.001
   3 237 (8.9) 17.7 8.95 5.58 – 14.37 <0.001
   4 + 93 (3.5) 26.9 15.28 8.66 – 26.97 <0.001
Casual partner in the past 12 months
   No 2537 (95.6) 6.7 1   
   Yes 117 (4.4) 11.1 1.73 0.95 – 3.14 0.07
Ever used a condom
   No 1984 (74.8) 6.0 1   
   Yes 670 (25.2) 9.7 1.68 1.23–2.31 0.001
Perceived risk of HIV infection
   No risk 891 (33.6) 5.6 1   
   Small risk 1006 (37.9) 7.4 1.34 0.92 – 1.94 0.13
   Moderate risk 119 (4.5) 10.1 1.89 0.97 – 3.66 0.06
   High risk 45 (1.7) 17.8 3.64 1.61 – 8.22 0.002
   Don't know 593 (22.3) 6.7 1.22 0.79 – 1.87 0.37
  1. 113 women excluded because currently they do not have a steady partner