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Table 3 Hazard ratios (HR) of death according to Cox-regression analyses, Arba Minch Hospital, 2006

From: Antiretroviral therapy at a district hospital in Ethiopia prevents death and tuberculosis in a cohort of HIV patients

Factor Crude HR (95%CI) P-value Adjusted HR (95%CI) P-value
HAART (yes vs. no) 0.38 (0.23–0.62) <0.001 0.35 (0.19–0.63) <0.001
Oral thrush (yes vs. no) 2.64 (1.66–4.19) <0.001 1.15 (0.90–2.63) 0.119
Diarrhea (yes vs. no) 1.84 (1.16–2.93) 0.010 1.43 (0.85–2.40) 0.172
TLC <1200 vs. > = 1200/ml 2.22 (1.30–3.79) 0.004 2.48 (1.32–4.66) 0.005
BMI (<18.5 vs. 18.5+kg/m2 2.50 (1.44–4.34) 0.001 1.83 (1.03–3.27) 0.040
Hgb (<10 vs. > = 10 g/dl) 2.26 (1.21–4.25) 0.010 1.15 (0.55–2.40) 0.710
WHO stage (III-IV vs. II) 3.57 (1.12–11.34) 0.030 2.74 (0.62–12.12) 0.184
  1. BMI= body mass index; Hgb=haemoglobin; TLC=total lymphocyte count; WHO=World Health Organization