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Table 4 Factors associated with the elective initiation of HAART from 1998-2009, Group C

From: Race/ethnicity and HAART initiation in a military HIV infected cohort

  Univariate models Multivariate model*,**
  Initiators (N = 144) N (%) or median (IQR) Delayers (N = 335) N (%) or median (IQR) OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) P
Demographics
Gender (% Male) 140 (97%) 310 (93%) 3.19 (1.08 - 9.47) 0.04 1.50 (0.34 - 6.63) 0.59
Age 33.6 ± 9.4 32.2 ± 8.5 1.01 (0.99 - 1.04) 0.20 1.04 (0.99 - 1.09) 0.08
Race/ethnicity
 Caucasian 70 (48.6%) 117 (34.9%) Referent   Referent  
 African American 47 (32.6%) 162 (48.4%) 0.50 (0.32 - 0.78) 0.002 0.49 (0.25 - 0.97) 0.04
 Hispanic/Latino/other 27 (18.8%) 56 (16.7%) 0.88 (0.51 - 1.53) 0.66 0.85 (0.40 - 1.82) 0.68
Marital status (% married) 38 (27.7%) 95 (31.8%) 0.67 (0.41 - 1.08) 0.10 0.67 (0.34 - 1.33) 0.25
Military characteristics
Rank
 Officer/warrant 23 (16.0%) 30 (9.0%) 1.79 (0.99 - 3.24) 0.05 1.30 (0.56 - 3.04) 0.54
 Enlisted 116 (80.6%) 275 (82.1%) Referent   Referent  
 N/A 5 (3.5%) 30 (9.0%) 0.27 (0.10 - 0.74) 0.01 1.53 (0.19 - 12.62) 0.69
Duty status
 Active 121 (84.0%) 284 (84.8%) Referent   Referent  
 Retired 18 (12.5%) 32 (9.6%) 1.09 (0.58 - 2.06) 0.78 0.52 (0.13 - 2.13) 0.36
 Dependent 5 (3.5%) 19 (5.7%) 0.50 (0.18 - 1.39) 0.18 0.38 (0.04 - 3.52) 0.40
HIV characteristics
Duration of HIV Infection (years) 1.2 (0.3 - 4.0) 2.1 (0.7 - 4.8) 0.92 (0.86 - 0.98) 0.009 0.91 (0.80 - 1.04) 0.18
Log10 HIV RNA+ 4.5 (3.7 - 5.0) 3.7 (3.0 - 4.4) 3.11 (2.30 - 4.21) <0.001 3.25 (2.15 - 4.93) <0.001
CD4 cell count*** 496.5 (398.5 - 627.5) 606.0 (496.0 - 775.0) 0.83 (0.78 - 0.89) <0.001 0.82 (0.75 - 0.90) <0.001
Prior ART (non-HAART) use 29 (20%) 19 (6%) 3.49 (1.82 - 6.71) <0.001 50.56 (9.94 - 257.1) <0.001
Prior comorbid illness (es) 12 (8%) 21 (6%) 1.32 (0.62 - 2.77) 0.47 0.51 (0.16 - 1.62) 0.25
History of mental health diagnosis
 Depression 14 (10%) 43 (13%) 0.74 (0.39 - 1.41) 0.36 0.44 (0.17 - 1.10) 0.08
 Other mental health diagnosis 8 (6%) 35 (10%) 0.52 (0.23 - 1.15) 0.11 0.37 (0.13 - 1.04) 0.06
 None 122 (85%) 257 (77%) Referent   Referent  
  1. *All models are stratified by guideline era (1998-2000, 2001-2009).
  2. **Multivariate model additionally adjusts for branch and site of service.
  3. +Per 1.0 log10 increase.
  4. ***Univariate and Multivariate models are per 50 cells/mm3.
  5. P-values < 0.05 are presented in bold text.