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Table 2 Factors associated with the initiation of HAART from 1998-2009 among those with a definite indication to start (Group A)

From: Race/ethnicity and HAART initiation in a military HIV infected cohort

  Univariate models Multivariate model*
  Initiators (N = 121) N (%) or median (IQR) Delayers (N = 87) N (%) or median (IQR) OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Demographics
Gender (% Male) 107 (88%) 77 (89%) 0.99 (0.42 - 2.35) 0.99 0.55 (0.11 - 2.61) 0.45
Age 35.1 ± 9.4 33.9 ± 9.7 1.01 (0.98 - 1.04) 0.35 1.03 (0.98 - 1.08) 0.26
Race/ethnicity
 Caucasian 41 (33.9%) 35 (40.2%) Referent   Referent  
 American 53 (43.8%) 41 (47.1%) 1.10 (0.60 - 2.03) 0.75 0.69 (0.28 - 1.71) 0.43
 Hispanic/Latino/other 27 (22.3%) 11 (12.6%) 2.09 (0.91 - 4.82) 0.08 1.71 (0.53 - 5.50) 0.37
Marital status (% married) 45 (38.5%) 27 (32.5%) 1.30 (0.72 - 2.34) 0.39 1.08 (0.46 - 2.56) 0.86
Military characteristics
 Rank
  Officer/warrant 8 (6.6%) 8 (9.2%) 0.70 (0.25 - 1.95) 0.50 0.34 (0.08 - 1.49) 0.15
  Enlisted 100 (82.6%) 70 (80.5%) Referent   Referent  
  N/A 13 (10.7%) 9 (10.3%) 1.01 (0.41 - 2.49) 0.98 0.73 (0.08 - 6.73) 0.78
Duty status
 Active 83 (68.6%) 66 (75.9%) Referent   Referent  
 Retired 22 (18.2%) 14 (16.1%) 1.23 (0.59 - 2.60) 0.58 1.34 (0.35 - 5.19) 0.67
 Dependent 15 (12.4%) 7 (8.0%) 1.68 (0.65 - 4.37) 0.28 2.56 (0.29 - 22.80) 0.40
HIV characteristics
 Duration of HIV infection (years) 1.3 (0.1 - 4.8) 1.9 (0.2 - 7.1) 0.95 (0.90 - 1.02) 0.14 0.92 (0.83 - 1.03) 0.15
 Log10 HIV RNA 4.7 (4.3 - 5.2) 4.3 (3.7 - 4.8) 2.10 (1.46 - 3.04) <0.001 2.19 (1.32 - 3.64) 0.002
 CD4 count in cells/mm3 176.0 (131.0 - 207.0) 417.0 (267.0 - 554.0)     
 Prior ART (non-HAART) use 18 (15%) 13 (15%) 0.99 (0.46 - 2.16) 0.99 0.97 (0.26 - 3.55) 0.96
 Prior comorbid illness(es) 10 (8%) 10 (11%) 0.69 (0.28 - 1.75) 0.44 0.30 (0.08 - 1.14) 0.08
History of mental health diagnosis
 Depression 11 (9%) 9 (10%) 0.87 (0.34 - 2.21) 0.77 0.65 (0.18 - 2.42) 0.52
 Other mental health diagnosis 9 (7%) 6 (7%) 1.07 (0.36 - 3.14) 0.90 1.13 (0.27 - 4.83) 0.86
 None 101 (83%) 72 (83%) Referent   Referent  
Reason for classification
 Severe symptoms 34 (28%) 65 (75%) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.22) <0.001 0.07 (0.03 - 0.17) <0.001
 AIDS defining condition 6 (5%) 4 (5%) 0.33 (0.09 - 1.30) 0.11 0.36 (0.07 - 1.93) 0.23
 CD4 count <200 cells/mm3 81 (67%) 18 (21%) Referent   Referent  
  1. *Multivariate model additionally adjusts for branch and site of service.
  2. P-values < 0.05 are presented in bold text.